Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

African American Kareem Abdul-Jabber was one the greatest basketball players in the history of the game. Using his signature sky hook, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar led first the Bucks, then the Lakers to a total of six champion titles, and in the process received six most valuable player awards. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar at 7-feet-2-inches tall remains one of the tallest men ever to play professional basketball.

The legendary athlete known today as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was born Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor, Jr. April 16, 1947 in New York City, the only child of Cora and Ferdinand Alcindor. The young Lew Alcindor, as he was called, was Roman Catholic and attended the St. Jude's parish elementary school, where he excelled in baseball, swimming, and ice skating. Lew grew quickly and was already 6 feet 6 inches in the 8th grade, turning to basketball as his exclusive sport.

Word of Lew Alcindor's skills and height spread quickly through the New York Prep schools and he chose Power Memorial Academy, where he started as a freshman. As a sophomore averaging 19 points per game, Lew Alcindor led his team to 27 straight victories en route to the 1963 New York City Catholic High School championship. Power Memorial's unbeaten streak continued the following year, as Alcindor averaged 26 points a game and led Power to another City Catholic High School championship. As a senior Lew Alcindor averaged 33 points per game, and although Power's unbeaten streak of 71 games was snapped by DeMatha High School of Hyattsville, Maryland, they again won the New York City Catholic High School championship by going undefeated the rest of the season. In all three years, Lew Alcindor was named a High School All-American.

Lew Alcindor attended UCLA, wanting to play for Coach John Wooden. The UCLA Bruins and Coach Wooden had already won two previous championships and with Jabbar as center the team was positioned to break records. NCAA rules didn't allow freshmen to play varsity, but Alcindor's records were worth the wait. The Bruins were national champions all three years (1967-69), losing only two games out of 90. One of those losses was the "Game of the Century".

On January 20, 1968, Alcindor and the UCLA Bruins faced the Houston Cougars in the first-ever nationally televised regular season college basketball game. In front of 52,693 fans at the Houston Astrodome, Elvin Hayes scored 39 points and had 15 rebounds, while Alcindor, who suffered from a scratch on his left cornea, was held to just 15 points.  Houston managed to beat UCLA 71-69, ending the Bruins' 47-game winning streak  in what has been called the "Game of the Century". Hayes and Alcindor would have a rematch in the 1968 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament where UCLA with a healthy Alcindor, would defeat Houston in the semi-finals 101-69, and go on to win the National Championship.

To date, he is the only athlete to be named the NCAA Tournament's Most Outstanding Player three times. The sports press and wire services acclaimed him as College Player of the Year in both 1967 and 1969.

Like many African Americans Lew Alcindor felt the racial injustice that existed in the United States and wanted to make a political statement. Although athletes like John Carlos had originally planned on boycotting the 1968 Olympics, Lew Alcindor was one of only a few who followed through. Boycotting the 1968 Summer Olympics by deciding not to join the United States Men's Olympic Basketball team that year, Alcindor protested the unequal treatment of African-Americans in the United States.

The Harlem Globetrotters offered Lew Alcindor a million dollars to play for them, but he declined, and was picked first in the 1969 NBA Draft by the  new formed Milwaukee Bucks. He was also chosen first overall in the 1969 American Basketball Association draft by the New York Nets. The Nets believed that they had the upper hand in receiving Alcindor's services because he was from New York; however, when Alcindor told both the Bucks and the Nets that he would accept one offer only from each team, the Nets bid too low, steering Alcindor to the National Basketball Association over the struggling American Basketball Association.

With the addition of Oscar Robertson, known to sports fans as "the Big 'O'," Milwaukee went on to record the second-best record with 66 victories in 1970–71, including a then-record of 20 straight wins. Alcindor was awarded his first of six NBA Most Valuable Player Awards, along with his first scoring title. In the playoffs, the Bucks went 12-2, winning the championship.

On May 1, 1971, the day after the Bucks won the NBA championship, Lew Alcindor adopted the Muslim name Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, its Arabic translation means "generous  servant of  the mighty one (of God).

While remaining relatively injury-free throughout his NBA career, Abdul-Jabbar twice broke his hand. The first time was during a pre-season game in 1974, when he was bumped hard and got his eye scratched, which angered him enough to punch the basket support stanchion. When he returned, after missing the first 16 games of the season, he started to wear his now famous protective goggles. The second time he broke his hand was in the opening game of the 1977–78 NBA season. Two minutes into the game, Abdul-Jabbar punched Milwaukee's Kent Benson in retaliation for an overly aggressive elbow. He was out for two months.

Abdul-Jabbar always spoke well of Milwaukee and its fans, but he said that being in the Midwest did not fit his cultural needs and requested a trade to either New York or Los Angeles in October 1974.

In 1975, the Lakers acquired Abdul-Jabbar. In the 1976-77 season, Abdul-Jabbar had another strong season, leading the league in field goal percentage, finishing second in rebounds and blocked shots, and third in points per game. He helped lead the Lakers to the best record in the NBA, and he won his record-tying fifth MVP award. In the playoffs, the Lakers played against the Portland Trail Blazers. The result was a memorable matchup, pitting Abdul-Jabbar against a young, injury-free Bill Walton. Although Abdul-Jabbar dominated the series statistically, Walton and the Trail Blazers  swept the Lakers.

The Lakers' acquisition of the rookie Earvin "Magic" Johnson gave Abdul-Jabbar the support he needed to win five championships for the team. In 1980 the Lakers won the NBA championship, and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar won his sixth Most Valuable Player award, setting a record. On April 5, 1984, Abdul-Jabbar scored his 31,420th point, to become the NBA's all-time scoring champion. Over the course of the decade, Abdul-Jabbar and his teammates had made it to the finals eight times, winning five championship titles. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar retired from basketball in 1989.

Click on the links below for detailed information and photos on African American athletes who rose to the top of their field


Boxing great Henry Armstrong hammered away at discrimination in the 1930s and 1940s by refusing to fight in segregated arenas.

Shining Stars

Joe Louis' and Jesse Owens' defeat of German supremacists led to white America rooting for a black man. All's stance against the war led to him being the most popular speaker at white college campuses in America.

Track & Field

For a remarkable nine years, nine months and nine days, Edwin Moses remained invincible in the 400 meter hurdles, being unbeaten in 122 consecutive races

Gridiron Greats

Fritz Pollard and Bobby Marshall were the first black players in what is now the NFL in 1920. Despite the history of racial bias in the game, today's NFL is at complete contrast with its previous agenda.

Baseball's Best

Between 1903 and 1946 players with black skin, including Cubans, Latin Americans, and African Americans, were banned from organized baseball.

Basketball Greats

A lot of people are familiar with the old Negro Baseball Leagues, but less have heard about the African American basketball teams known as “the Black Fives”, named after the starting five players.


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